KJ21. But he was probably unacquainted with this. Font Size. So the cases of Reuben and Saul, for evil (Genesis 49:4; 1 Chronicles 5:1; 1 Samuel 13:12-14); for good, Abraham and Phinehas (Genesis 12:1, etc. See the case of Isaac and his two sons, Jacob and Esau, in the history to which the apostle alludes, Genesis 27; and that of Jacob and his twelve sons, Genesis 49. In general practice it means any disciple who would try to obtain some earthly advantage out of his profession of faith in Christ. Or if any one will have repentance referred to Esau himself, still the Novatian heretics can have no advantage in favour of their error, when they deny that sinners can repent, because Esau's tears might only be for a temporal loss, not for God's sake, nor for the guilt of his sins, so that he wanted the dispositions of a true penitent and of a contrite heart. 18 # Ex 19.16-22; 20.18-21; Dt 4.11,12; 5.22-27. We may at the same time regard the profane as meaning generally all those who do not value God’s grace so much as to seek it and despise the world. This was his profaneness; and accordingly the Scripture says, Thus Esau despised his birthright. Hebrews 4:12-16 EXEGESIS: THE BROAD CONTEXT: The author identified neither himself nor the people to whom he was writing. By profane persons, understand such as mock religion, who lightly regard its promises and threatenings, who despise or neglect its worship, who speak irreverently of its concerns. Tit. Hebrews 12:23): they must exercise holy self-control, if they wish not, like Esau, to forfeit them. (258). 12 For the word of God is alive and active. 17 For you know that afterward, when he wanted to inherit the blessing, he was rejected, for he found no place for repentance, though he sought it diligently with tears. Note, Titus 2:12. ἀντί] indication of the price, as Hebrews 12:2. τὰ πρωτοτόκια] the birthright with its privileges. λ. Fornicator-profane person; examples of the "root of bitterness" just referred to. Oh, how many give up all right to a heavenly and eternal inheritance for even a mere trifling consideration! Or profane person; that Isaiah, one who disregards spiritual blessings, preferring things which are seen and temporal, to those things which are unseen and eternal. Hebrews 12:16. μή τις πόρνος ἢ βέβηλος ὡς ἠσαῦ, ὃς ἀντὶ βρώσεως μιᾶς ἀπέδετο τὰ πρωτοτόκια ἑαυτοῦ. Takes to Himself as a son “in whom He delighteth” (Proverbs 3:12). The apostle keeps in view the point of falling from the grace of God; which if any man do, it may be no more in his power to retrieve it, than it was in Esau's to recover the blessing which he had despised. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary, Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Lest there be any fornicator or profane person, Чтобы не было между вами какого блудника, или нечестивца. Here he is mentioned as a type of “the profane,” who care not for divine things, but only for the gains and pleasures of this world. annot. Hebrews 12:20, 21 The Inferiority of Judaism. as Esau, who for (on ἀντί, see on Hebrews 12:2) one meal sold (the use of ἀποδίδομαι, middle, for to sell, is common in good Greek) his own birthright (‘rights of primogeniture:’ τὰ πρωτοτόκια or - εῖα is the usual word in the LXX for the Heb. Now let us take a general survey of the persons, places, and things, to which Christians have come. Hebrews 12:16-18 New King James Version (NKJV). Bible > Interlinear Bible > Hebrews 12 Hebrews 12 Interlinear Bible. Extra Small Small Medium Large Additional Settings . Some so separate fornicator by a comma as to preclude its being an intended epithet for Esau. profane. [ . < Hebrews 12:14. AMP. Run with Perseverance (2 Timothy 2:1-13) 1 5105 1 Toigaroun 1 Τοιγαροῦν 1 Therefore 1 Conj: 2532 kai καὶ also Conj: 1473 hēmeis ἡμεῖς , we PPro-N1P: 5118 tosouton τοσοῦτον such a great DPro-ANS: 2192 echontes ἔχοντες having V-PPA-NMP: 4029 perikeimenon περικείμενον encompassi Hebrews / Hebrews 12 / Hebrews 12:16; Previous Book Previous Chapter Read the Full Chapter Next Chapter Next Book. § 201 Potter’s Appendix, p. 404, “Pilosus intemperatus libidinosusque est”) or profane person ( τουτέστι, γαστρίμαργος, κοσμικός, τὰ πνευματικὰ βεβηλῶν καὶ καταπατῶν, Thl. A and D, B and C, refer to each other by Chiasmus. So Pliny, Ep., x. Afterwards Esau would have inherited the blessing, and sought it carefully with tears. In B and C the economy of GOD, more widely extended, is described, and that too in such a way in particular as will most gloriously appear at the last day, which is now present to our faith, Hebrews 12:26, ch. Now, the preeminence both of Jacob over Esau, and of Judah over his three elder brethren, was according to the purpose of God, as appears by the names given them at their birth. The objection, that the relative clause, ὃς ἀντὶ κ. τ. λ., applies only to βέβηλος, does not amount to much: for as Bengel remarks, “libido et intemperantia cibi affines.” On the other hand Delitzsch’s argument, that had πόρνος been intended to be separate, it would have stood μή τις πόρνος ᾖ, ἢ κ. τ. λ., is not sound: for the ellipsis might just as well stand in both clauses, as in one. Book of Hebrews Chapter 12 - Click for Chapter Audio: 12:16 - [ In Context | Read Chapter | Discuss this Verse ] [ Original: Greek | Multi-Translation ] Lest there be any fornicator, or profane person, as Esau, who for one morsel of meat sold his birthright. that can be seen and touched. Among primitive nations the firstborn had eminent secular rights and honours; but in the Abrahamic family it implied a religious continuity of lineage, through which, according to the Abrahamic promise, Messiah was to be born. grows up to cause trouble and defile many. For want of faith men give up the Gospel; for want of faith roots of bitterness spring up in the Church and defile it; and faithless persons become so selfish and so low-minded, that the smallest worldly advantages tempt them successfully to abandon their principles: and yet the course of even the least favoured of them may end in despair—. But as men become profane in various ways, the more earnest we ought to strive lest an opening be left for Satan to defile us with his corruptions. Profane Esau! 16 See that no one is sexually immoral, or is godless like Esau, who for a single meal sold his inheritance rights as the oldest son. These three clauses are often regarded as describing one character; but it seems better to regard them as describing three. Looking unto--literally, "Looking from afar" throne of God. Immorality is always a danger, and many, like Esau, will be tempted to give away their future for a moment’s pleasure. One act has often the greatest power for good or for evil. Hebrews 12:16. Hebrews 12:16 > 16. fornicator-- (Heb 13:4; 1Co 10:8). There is no flaming fire or dark cloud or storm 19 or trumpet sound. What will follow if we sell our birthright? Hebrews 12:1 Therefore, since we have so great a cloud of witnesses surrounding us, let us also lay aside every encumbrance and the sin which so easily entangles us, and let us run with endurance the race that is set before us, (NASB: Lockman). His seniority appeared to give him a claim to be the representative of his father and grandfather, and, consequently, to obtain the high privilege of being the progenitor of Christ. The instance which the apostle gives of a profane person, in the person of Esau: Lest there be any fornicator, or profane person, as Esau. Afterwards Esau would have inherited the blessing, and sought it carefully with tears. 17 Afterward, as you know, when he wanted to inherit this blessing, he was rejected. is to be taken in its literal sense and not as signifying departure from God [but cf. Hebrews 12:16 Translation & Meaning. Dr. Heylin renders it a single meal. Profane contemners of the grace of God, ought to fear being excluded from the mercy of God; and as Isaac did not, God will not repent or alter his righteous sentence upon them. Esau’s profanity was displayed in his undervaluation of his birthright. Same as "yield", Hebrews 12:11. birthright. John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament, Haldane's Exposition on the Epistle to the Romans and Hebrews. Scripture Formatting. The character is illustrated by the example of Esau, who, for a morsel of bread, sold his birthright. Genesis 25:34 graphically portrays his reckless, self-indulgent levity. Bible > Interlinear > Hebrews 12:1 Hebrews 12:1 Hebrews 12 - Click for Chapter. author--"Prince-leader." This afterwards, say some, was not less than forth tears, for he sold his birhtright when he was young, and when he designed the recovery of the blessing, Isaac was old: Thus long did he live in sin, without any sense of it, or repentance for it: but falling into distress, it fills him with perplexity, and he seeks the recovery of the blessing: And herein he was a type of all unbelievers, and obstinate refusers of the grace of Christ. The same Greek is … A click on the Greek will lead you to the corresponding article in Abarim Publications's online Biblical Greek Dictionary Hebrews 12:1 Wherefore seeing we also are compassed about with so great a cloud of witnesses, let us lay aside every weight, and the sin which doth so easily beset us, and let us run with patience the race that is set before us, 12:16 lest there be any fornication, or profane person, as Esau, who for one mess of meat sold his own birthright. As he had before exhorted them to holiness, so now, that he might reclaim them from defilements opposed to it, he mentions a particular kind of defilement, and says, “Lest there be any fornicator.” But he immediately comes to what is general, and adds, “or a profane person;” for it is the term that is strictly contrary to holiness. What does this verse really mean? 16. It appears, from the history of Jacob"s family, that, although the blessing of Abraham did not necessarily descend to the firstborn, 1 Chronicles 5:1, yet there appears to have been a preference of the elder. III. Use this table to get a word-for-word translation of the original Greek Scripture. Hebrews 12 is the twelfth chapter of the Epistle to the Hebrews in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.The author is anonymous, although the internal reference to "our brother Timothy" (Hebrews 13:23) causes a traditional attribution to Paul, but this attribution has been disputed since the second century and there is no decisive evidence for the authorship. Hebrews 12:15): that no fornicator trouble you. Greek. lest there be any fornicator or profane person as Esau, who for one morsel of meat sold his birthright. This properly interprets the root of bitterness before, by two special fruits of it. The Greeks use for it ἡ πρεσβεία or τὸ πρεσβεῖον: Josephus has this last in this narrative, Antt. Instead of one morsel, the Greek may be more properly rendered one mess. He thought so little of his rights as the older son, that he literally gave them away for a single meal. So long as it is under the earth it cannot be remedied, but when it 'springs up,' it must be dealt with boldly. This example may be viewed as an exposition of the word profane; for when Esau set more value on one meal than on his birthright, he lost his blessing. That we indeed set a high value on things which are nearly worth nothing, arises from this, — that depraved lust dazzles our eyes and thus blinds us. If therefore we would hold a place in God’s sanctuary, we must learn to despise morsels of meat of this kind, by which Satan is wont to catch the reprobate. Hebrews 12:22-24 The Superiority of Christianity. See 1 Timothy 1:9. morsel of meat. iv. Lest there be any fornicator, or profane person, as Esau. As the oldest son, Esau would have received everything from his father, but he sold all that for a single meal. None of the oldest authorities support κρείττονα of Rec. The taking of it as a figurative designation of one who is unfaithful to Christ, in order to hold unlawful intercourse with Judaism (Böhme, Tholuck, Ebrard, Riehm, Lehrbegr. 97, “poenitentiae locus;” and Ulpian, Digest., xl. (16) Lest there be.—Better (as in the last verse), whether there be. New International Version Update. Our apostle proceeds in these verses to warn them against such sins as would occasion their apostasy and falling from the grace of God, and they are fornication and profaneness; together, because they usually go together; fornicators, such especially as are habitually so, do always grow profane, and profane persons do set light by fornication, and they are sins very seldom forsaken; few fornicators and profane persons, do ever come to repentance. The word is frequently employed in regard to Israel departing from God, being seduced into the worship of idols; but whether taken literally or figuratively, it is an act of rebellion against God. Let there be.—This is one of those sins which we are expressly taught exclude men from the kingdom of God, 1 Corinthians 6:9-10. ΄ή τις πόρνος] sc. Weiss]. Jehovah could not be the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Esau, for Esau and his line contemned him. This threefold relation often occurs in Paul's letters. : a man of low views, who has no appreciation of any high or divine thing: ὃς τὴν παρὰ τοῦ θεοῦ τιμὴν ταύτην διὰ τῆς οἰκείας ῥᾳθυμίας ἀπέδοτο, καὶ μικρᾶς ἡδονῆς χάριν τὴν μεγίστην τιμὴν καὶ δόξαν ἀπώλεσε, Chrys.) Add to these the blessing which run from Abraham in the patriarchal line, and was communicated from father to son, containing an inclosure of all church privileges, and preservation of the promised seed. However, the content of the book, including the frequent references to the Hebrew Scriptures, makes it clear that he was writing to Jewish Christians who were sorely tempted to leave the Christian church and revert to Jewish worship. See Neva Miller, The Epistle to the Hebrews: An Analytical and Exegetical Handbook, 383-89; J. Harold Greenlee, Hebrews: … Even though he sought the blessing with tears, Exeg. What do they enjoy here?—A momentary gratification, to which they sacrifice all their future well-being. Greek Term Paper on Exegesis of Hebrews 12 1 3 Assignment As Louis. Hebrews 12:16 lest [there be] any fornication, or profane person, as Esau, who for one mess of meat sold his own birthright. Thus, the purpose of God was effected through the wickedness of those who appeared to have the best right to the blessing. Hebrews 12:16. Hebrews 12:22-24 The Superiority of Christianity. β. As Esau, who for one morsel of meat sold his birth-right: as Esau, who for a single meal sold his own birthright, —Who would be eminently “a root of bitterness,” defiling the Church. πόρνος is to be taken in its literal sense and not as signifying departure from God [but cf. The character of Esau, from Scripture as well as tradition, will very well bear the designation πόρνος: and the balance of the sentence is better preserved by applying both to him, than by leaving πόρνος insulated. Or profane. I. Esau here was the first-born of Isaac, circumcised according to the law of God, and partaker in all the worship of God, yet he proved an outcast from the covenant, and promises thereof. 1, and the LXX in Genesis 43:33. 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