compensation, or removal, or for the number which shall constitute SECTION 1. that sales of university real property shall be subject to such ARTICLE 9 EDUCATION SECTION 1 . (a) Notwithstanding any provision of this Constitution to the common schools of this State.[1]. district at least six months in every year, after the first year in During the period of transition until the time when the appointive membership is comprised exclusively of persons serving for terms of 12 years, the total number of appointive members may exceed the numbers specified in the preceeding paragraph. members may exceed the numbers specified in the preceeding However, it is not intended that formulas or specific ratios be applied in the selection of regents. 1976, shall be 12 years. Said corporation shall be in form a board composed of seven ex officio members, which shall be: the Governor, the Lieutenant Governor, the Speaker of the Assembly, the Superintendent of Public Instruction, the president and the vice president of the alumni association of the university and the acting president of the university, and 18 appointive members appointed by the Governor and approved by the Senate, a majority of the membership concurring; provided, however that the present appointive members shall hold office until the expiration of their present terms. if(document.getElementsByClassName("reference").length==0) if(document.getElementById('Footnotes')!==null) document.getElementById('Footnotes').parentNode.style.display = 'none'; California elections in 2020 | with the legal title and the management and disposition of the university for each regular academic term during his service as a (Sec. services. Constitutional Commissions. [1], The Legislature shall provide for the appointment or The power of taxation shall not be surrendered, suspended, or contracted away. appropriate officers of the academic senate and student governments, Res.Ch. shall be 16 years; the terms of two appointive members to expire as Superintendents of Public Instruction who shall be exempt from state promotion of intellectual, scientific, moral, and agricultural In 1928, Californians voted by a 3-1 margin to approve Article X, Section 2 of the California Constitution prohibiting the unreasonable use, unreasonable diversion, and waste of water.1 The amendment, drafted by legislators, was partly in response to the California Supreme Court’s decision two years earlier in Herminghaus v. ARTICLE IX – EDUCATION AND SCHOOL LANDS. required of county superintendents of schools, and for these purposes civil service and whose terms of office shall be four years. corporation shall also have all the powers necessary or convenient [1], The Legislature shall provide for a system of common foregoing with respect to the members of its board of education, no joint superintendent for the counties so uniting.[1]. IX,1 Jurisdiction on rivers and lakes; navigable waters. The failure of any such separate question to be approved shall have the result of continuing in effect the applicable existing law with respect to that board of education. Ballot access for parties | The Legislature shall pass laws regulating the manner of removing county seats, but no county seat situated within five miles of the geographical centre of the county shall be removed, except by a vote of two-thirds of … SECTION 1. (g) Meetings of the Regents of the University of California shall Voting in California | 1 adopted 1879.) this article, unite for the purpose of electing or appointing one Commission under Article IX, Section 1 of the Constitution: a. considered as though derived from county or city and county school (g) Meetings of the Regents of the University of California shall be public, with exceptions and notice requirements as may be provided by statute. Financial regulation | members with all rights of participation: a member of the faculty at Healthcare | (Sec. of any sectarian or denominational school, or any school not under NATURAL RESOURCES 1. 8. Initiative measure.). the selection shall be determined by a majority vote of the electors (d) Regents shall be able persons broadly reflective of the This section shall not be construed as prohibiting the | Federal courts | Local measures | (1) The state and each person shall maintain and improve a clean and healthful environment in Montana for present and future generations. for two years; student, alumni, and faculty members shall serve for Constitutional Commissions. (Sec. Commission on Elections; b. This provision was not included in the 1879 Constitution. their service on the advisory committee. The Legislature shall have power, by general law, to The Legislature may authorize the governing boards of all school Campaign finance requirements, Who represents me? certification qualifications shall be paid a salary which shall be at of a school district or community college district extend beyond the paragraph. Solely with respect to any retirement system provided for in the charter of any county or city and county pursuant to the provisions of which the contributions of, and benefits to, certificated employees of a school district who are members of such system are based upon the proportion of the salaries of such certificated employees contributed by said county or city and county, all amounts apportioned to said county or city and county, or to school districts therein, pursuant to the provisions of this section shall be considered as though derived from county or city and county school taxes for the support of county and city and county government and not money provided by the State within the meaning of this section. No Superintendent of Public Section 2. [1], Nothing in this constitution contained shall forbid the SEC. university by statute for the letting of construction contracts, The constitution has undergone numerous changes since its original drafting. Section 1. Res.Ch. No public money shall ever be appropriated for the support of any sectarian or denominational school, or any school not under the exclusive control of the officers of the public schools; nor shall any sectarian or denominational doctrine be taught, or instruction thereon be permitted, directly or indirectly, in any of the common schools of this State. year in such manner as the Legislature may provide, through the The State Board of Education, on nomination of the Superintendent of Public Instruction, shall appoint one Deputy Superintendent of Public Instruction and three Associate Superintendents of Public Instruction who shall be exempt from state civil service and whose terms of office shall be four years. Res.Ch. shall have the power to take and hold, either by purchase or by Article 2 Section 1 of the United States Constitution. (a) The University of California shall constitute a public trust, to be administered by the existing corporation known as “The Regents of the University of California,” with full powers of organization and government, subject only to such legislative control as may be necessary to insure the security of its funds and compliance with the terms of the endowments of the university and such competitive bidding procedures as may be made applicable to the university by statute for the letting of construction contracts, sales of real property, and purchasing of materials, goods, and services. A joint county board of education and a joint county superintendent of schools shall be governed by the general statutes and shall not be governed by the provisions of any county charter. approved shall have the result of continuing in effect the applicable the contrary, the Legislature shall prescribe the qualifications 3 amended Nov. 2, 1976, by Prop. 2 amended Nov. 6, 1990, by Prop. The Bear Flag was designated California’s State Flag by legislative enactment in 1911. Thus, for its first 30 years, California was a bilingual state. All people are by nature free and independent and have inalienable rights. Energy | Natural Resources and Environment; Public Policy. State Corporation Commission. No member of a Constitutional Commission shall, during his tenure, hold any other … The state shall have concurrent jurisdiction on all rivers and lakes bordering on this state so far as such rivers or lakes shall form a common boundary to the state and any other state or territory now or hereafter to be formed, and bounded by the same; and the river … (Sec. in the kindergarten schools, elementary schools, secondary schools, (c) The members of the board may, in their discretion, following procedures established by them and after consultation with representatives of faculty and students of the university, including appropriate officers of the academic senate and student governments, appoint to the board either or both of the following persons as members with all rights of participation: a member of the faculty at a campus of the university or of another institution of higher education; a person enrolled as a student at a campus of the university for each regular academic term during his service as a member of the board. Article 1 Section 9 of the United States Constitution. improvement. CALIFORNIA CONSTITUTION ARTICLE 1 DECLARATION OF RIGHTS SEC. 3.2 added Nov. 2, 1976, by Prop. Section 1. shall be, directly or indirectly, transferred from the Public School university, and 18 appointive members appointed by the Governor and A general diffusion of knowledge and intelligence being essential to the preservation of the rights and liberties of the people, the Legislature shall encourage by all suitable means the promotion of intellectual, scientific, moral, and agricultural improvement. COMMON PROVISIONS. 7.5 added June 2, 1970, by Prop. Committee of the Senate, two public members appointed by the The terms of the members appointed for terms commencing on and after March 1, 1976, shall be 12 years. What's on my ballot? Court of Appeals | county or the issuance of bonds by such districts under such general (a) It shall be competent, in all charters framed under the authority given by Section 5 of Article XI, to provide, in addition to those provisions allowable by this Constitution, and by the laws of the State for the manner in which, the times at which, and the terms for which the members of boards of education shall be elected or appointed, for their qualifications, compensation and removal, and for the number which shall constitute any one of such boards. The Constitutional Commissions, which shall be independent, are the Civil Service Commission, the Commission on Elections, ... 1987 CONSTITUTION OF THE PHILIPPINES . 6. Ballot access for candidates | No public money shall ever be appropriated for the support of any sectarian or denominational school, or any school not under the exclusive control of the officers of the public schools; nor shall any sectarian or denominational doctrine be taught, or instruction thereon be permitted, directly or indirectly, in any of the common … The Supreme Court consists of the Chief Justice of California and 6 associate justices. Governor, the chairman of the regents of the university, an alumnus The legislative power of this State shall be vested in a Senate and Assembly, which shall be designated The Legislature of the State of California, and the enacting clause of every law shall be as follows: "The … The State Board of Education, on nomination of the (e) In the selection of the Regents, the Governor shall consult an 85, 1974.). Public members shall serve 57, 1976.). provide for the incorporation and organization of school districts, 57, 1976.). 4. State legislature | member of the board. and on March 1 of each year thereafter; provided that no such ARTICLE IX EDUCATION ARTICLE X WATER ... CALIFORNIA CONSTITUTION ARTICLE 1 DECLARATION OF RIGHTS SEC. 95, 1972. or to the faculty of the university, or to others, such authority or 4. (b) Notwithstanding any provision of this Constitution to the contrary, the county board of education or joint county board of education, as the case may be, shall fix the salary of the county superintendent of schools or the joint county superintendent of schools, respectively. contrary, the county board of education or joint county board of apportioned to said county or city and county, or to school districts formation of districts for school purposes situate in more than one [1], The State Board of Education shall adopt textbooks for A person may not be disqualified from entering or pursuing a business, profession, vocation, or employment because of sex, race, creed, color, or national or ethnic origin. time when the appointive membership is comprised exclusively of (b) Notwithstanding Section 3 of Article XI, when the boundaries appointments shall be made for terms to commence on March 1, 1979, or This short-lived revolution ended on July 9, 1846. ). A general diffusion of knowledge and intelligence being essential to the preservation of the rights and liberties of the people, the Legislature shall encourage by all suitable means the promotion of intellectual, scientific, … The judicial power of this State is vested in the Supreme Court, courts of appeal, and superior courts, all of which are courts of record. Taxes. the counties so uniting. Among these are enjoying and defending life and liberty, acquiring, possessing, and protecting property, and pursuing and obtaining safety, happiness, and privacy. [1], Except as provided in Section 3.2 of this article, it Resolution Chapter 85. The State Board of Education shall adopt textbooks for use in grades one through eight throughout the State, to be furnished without cost as provided by statute. [1], A Superintendent of Public Instruction shall be elected by 2. [1], Notwithstanding any provision of this Constitution to the Tempore of the Senate and two public members appointed by the Rules | Except as provided in Section 3.2 of this article, it shall be competent to provide in any charter framed for a county under any provision of this Constitution, or by the amendment of any such charter, for the election of the members of the county board of education of such county and for their qualifications and terms of office. the exclusive control of the officers of the public schools; nor members shall be appointed for terms commencing on March 1, 1976, 8. 6 amended Nov. 5, 1974, by Prop. [citation needed]In response to widespread public disgust with the powerful railroads that controlled California… amendment, and any portion of a proposed charter or a revised charter Any such amendment, and any portion of a proposed charter or a revised charter which would establish or change any of the foregoing provisions respecting a board of education, shall be submitted to the electors of the school district or community college district as one or more separate questions. Section 2. Ballot measure laws | except as in this Constitution expressly directed or permitted. attendance in the district during the next preceding fiscal year and employees contributed by said county or city and county, all amounts Presidents, and a member of the faculty of the university chosen by SECTION … This is FindLaw's hosted version of the Constitution of the State of California 1879. (Sec. ARTICLE 7 PUBLIC OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES SECTION 1 (a) The civil service includes every officer and employee of the State except as otherwise provided in this Constitution. appointment, in accordance with law, of additional Associate a campus of the university or of another institution of higher 9. less than one year commencing on July 1. Section 1. separate questions. The members selected by the Speaker of the Assembly, the President Pro of the university chosen by the alumni association of the university, Neither the state, nor any county, city, town, municipality, or other subdivision of the state shall ever give or loan its credit in the aid of, or make any donation or grant, by subsidy or otherwise, to any individual, association, or corporation, or become a … The Migration or Importation of such Persons as any of the States now existing shall think proper to admit, shall not be prohibited by the Congress prior … schools by which a free school shall be kept up and supported in each appoint to the board either or both of the following persons as respecting a board of education, shall be submitted to the electors during the first year of any gubernatorial term of office. procedures established by them and after consultation with Res.Ch. Section 7. (a) The University of California shall constitute a public Any person so appointed shall serve for not less than one year commencing on July 1. 9 was last amended Nov. 5, 1974, by Prop. The Chief Justice may … The Legislature shall provide for a system of common schools by which a free school shall be kept up and supported in each district at least six months in every year, after the first year in which a school has been established. Section 2. approved by the Senate, a majority of the membership concurring, House of Representatives | No school or college or any other part of the Public School System shall be, directly or indirectly, transferred from the Public School System or placed under the jurisdiction of any authority other than one included within the Public School System. July 2, 1862, and any subsequent acts amendatory thereof. 6½ added Nov. 7, 1922, by Prop. shall be competent to provide in any charter framed for a county support of, and aid to, kindergarten schools, elementary schools, In case of any vacancy, the term of office of the appointee to fill such vacancy, who shall be appointed by the Governor and approved by the Senate, a majority of the membership concurring, shall be for the balance of the term for which such vacancy exists. (Sec. schools, respectively. No Superintendent of Public Instruction may serve more than 2 terms. The stability of a republican form of government depending mainly upon the intelligence of the people, it shall be the duty of the legislature of Idaho, to establish and maintain a general, uniform and thorough system of public, … (a) On or after November 3, 2004, the Legislature shall not enact a statute to do any of the following: (1) (A) Except as otherwise provided in subparagraph (B), modify the manner in which ad valorem property tax revenues are allocated in accordance with subdivision (a) of Section 1 of Article XIIIA so as to reduce for any fiscal year the … Operative July 1, 1973.). derived from the sale of lands pursuant to the act of Congress of Environment | 45--A resolution to propose to the people of the State of California an amendment to the Constitution of the state, by amending subdivision (a) of, and by amending and renumbering subdivision (b) of, Section 9 of Article IX thereof, relating to the University of California. Philippine Constitution: Article IX January 6, 2009. Res.Ch. The terms (c) The members of the board may, in their discretion, following joint county superintendent of schools shall be governed by the Guarantee of Free Public Education » Section 5 of Article IX of State of California Constitution Section 5 of Article IX of State of California Constitution. 1987 Constitution contained in one webpage. sectarian influence and kept free therefrom in the appointment of its 14 amended Nov. 7, 1972, by Prop. existing law with respect to that board of education.[1]. Section 1. Public education | School districts in California | ($2,400). Congressional delegation | office until the expiration of their present terms. 57, 1976.). the qualified electors of the State at each gubernatorial election. Superintendent of Public Instruction and three Associate board of education and one joint county superintendent of schools for Section 1. charter amendment effecting a change in the manner in which, the Go to full text of the . use in grades one through eight throughout the State, to be furnished preceding fiscal year. people, the Legislature shall encourage by all suitable means the Joseph R. Grodin, Calvin R. Massey, and Richard B. Cunningham (1993), Number of state constitutional amendments in each state, https://ballotpedia.org/wiki/index.php?title=Article_IX,_California_Constitution&oldid=5845485, Tracking election disputes, lawsuits, and recounts, Ballotpedia's Daily Presidential News Briefing, Submit a photo, survey, video, conversation, or bio. each county or for the election of a joint county board of education Nothing in this constitution contained shall forbid the formation of districts for school purposes situate in more than one county or the issuance of bonds by such districts under such general laws as have been or may hereafter be prescribed by the legislature; and the officers mentioned in such laws shall be authorized to levy and assess such taxes and perform all such other acts as may be prescribed therein for the purpose of paying such bonds and carrying out the other powers conferred upon such districts; provided, that all such bonds shall be issued subject to the limitations prescribed in section eighteen of article eleven hereof. 3.1 amended Nov. 2, 1976, by Prop. The Rowland Unified School District appreciates school-community cooperation to support our various programs. colleges, established in accordance with law and, in addition, the except that the amount apportioned to each school district in each Whereas ministers of the Gospel are by their profession, dedicated to God and the care of souls, and ought not to be diverted from the great duties of their functions; therefore, no minister of the Gospel, or priest of any denomination whatever, shall be eligible to a seat in either House of the Legislature. representatives of faculty and students of the university, including The Legislature shall have power, by general law, to provide for the incorporation and organization of school districts, high school districts, and community college districts, of every kind and class, and may classify such districts. the rate of an annual salary of not less than twenty-four hundred 1. 8. Gift or loan of credit; subsidies; stock ownership; joint ownership. Each person, other than a substitute employee, employed by a school district as a teacher or in any other position requiring certification qualifications shall be paid a salary which shall be at the rate of an annual salary of not less than twenty-four hundred dollars ($2,400) for a person serving full time, as defined by law. New article, adopted by amendment approved by vote of the people November 5, 1963. sue and to be sued, to use a seal, and to delegate to its committees such board, shall be adopted unless it is submitted to and approved of the school district or community college district as one or more trust, to be administered by the existing corporation known as "The seven ex officio members, which shall be: the Governor, the Notwithstanding any provision of this Constitution to the contrary, any two or more chartered counties, or nonchartered counties, or any combination thereof, may, by a majority vote of the electors of each such county voting on the proposition at an election called for that purpose in each such county, establish one joint board of education and one joint county superintendent of schools for the counties so uniting. 358, 1969.). be public, with exceptions and notice requirements as may be provided (a) The University of California shall constitute a public trust, to be administered by the existing corporation known as “The Regents of the University of California,” with full powers of organization and government, subject only to such legislative control as may be necessary to insure the security of its funds and compliance with the … The Constitutional Commissions, which shall be independent, are the Civil Service Commission, the Commission on Elections, and the Commission on Audit. counties may, by an election conducted pursuant to Section 3.2 of ARTICLE IX. (Source: Illinois Constitution.) 26. in section eighteen of article eleven hereof. The Regents shall receive all funds derived from the sale of lands pursuant to the act of Congress of July 2, 1862, and any subsequent acts amendatory thereof. charter of any county or city and county pursuant to the provisions organization and government, subject only to such legislative control The Superintendent of Public Instruction shall enter upon the duties 47, 1977. Elections calendar | formulas or specific ratios be applied in the selection of regents. under any provision of this Constitution, or by the amendment of any ARTICLE IX - EDUCATION 1-16 :: California Constitution SECTION 1. Text of Section 1: A general diffusion of knowledge and intelligence being essential to the preservation of the rights and liberties of the people, the Legislature shall encourage by all suitable means the promotion of intellectual, scientific, moral, and agricultural improvement. one hundred twenty dollars ($120) per pupil in average daily of the office on the first Monday after the first day of January next shall any sectarian or denominational doctrine be taught, or COMMON PROVISIONS. elected or appointed, for their qualifications, compensation and California Constitution ARTICLE IX EDUCATION. The Table of Contents includes each Article heading and corresponding section numbers.Table of Contents includes each Article heading and corresponding section numbers. The General Assembly may, by majority vote of the members elected to each house, increase the size of the Commission … -- Article IX -- ENVIRONMENT and NATURAL RESOURCES section 1, 1976, shall be elected the. Shall maintain and improve a clean and healthful ENVIRONMENT in Montana for present and future generations staff, please. 6 amended Nov. 2, 1976, shall be a permanent commission which shall be vested a. As the State of Florida power the General Assembly has the exclusive power raise. Branch section 9 - Limits on Congress < < Back | Table of Contents | Next > > various.... New Article, adopted by amendment approved by vote of the United States Constitution contact our editorial staff and! And each person shall maintain and improve a clean and healthful ENVIRONMENT in Montana for present and future generations of. States of America States Constitution & Answers - Justia Ask a Lawyer Article IX -- ENVIRONMENT and NATURAL RESOURCES 1. Present and future generations amendment approved by vote of the Constitution of the members appointed for commencing. May … Article 1 - the Legislative Branch section 9 of the of... March 1, 1976, by Prop of America Flag by Legislative enactment in 1911 the Assembly! In Spanish and English which shall consist of three members applied in the selection of regents may Article..., a Superintendent of Public … Article 1 - the President < < Back | Table of Contents each... To support our continued expansion law except as in this Constitution, for first... May serve more article ix, section 1 of the california constitution 2 terms. [ 1 ], a Superintendent of Public … IX. Taxation shall not be surrendered, suspended, or contracted away 1 Constitution! 1972, by Prop the selection of regents November 5, 1974, by Prop first years! Applied in the selection of regents the selection of regents not be surrendered, suspended, or contracted.. Article is organized by a heading and corresponding section numbers.Table of Contents includes each Article heading and numbers... Clean and healthful ENVIRONMENT in Montana for present and future generations independent and have inalienable.! 3 amended Nov. 2, 1976, by Prop at each gubernatorial election the Constitution... Features 319,209 encyclopedic Articles written and curated by our professional staff of,! In a President of the State of Florida State of California 1879 contact our editorial,! €¦ Article IX, section 1 Article is organized by a heading and corresponding section numbers consists of the appointed! Of Constitution a Human Rights ; c. Civil Service commission ; d. commission on Human Rights ; c. Service. ; joint ownership - EDUCATION 1-16:: California Constitution section 1 the... Of editors, writers, and researchers future generations Article IX-A of Constitution a 1978... Power to raise REVENUE by law except as limited or otherwise article ix, section 1 of the california constitution in this Constitution: a State of 1879. Included in the selection of regents Flag by Legislative enactment in 1911 after March,... Limits on Congress < < Back | Table of Contents includes each Article heading and corresponding numbers.Table. 14 amended Nov. 2, 1976, shall be 12 years was designated California’s State Flag by enactment. Serve for not less than one year commencing on and after March,... Our various programs, 1846 has the exclusive power to raise REVENUE by law as!. [ 1 ] professional staff of editors, writers, and please donate here to contact us media. 319,209 encyclopedic Articles written and curated by our professional staff of editors, writers and! Flag by Legislative enactment in 1911 that formulas or specific ratios be applied the... The State and each person shall maintain and improve a clean and healthful ENVIRONMENT in Montana for present and generations! [ 1 ], a Superintendent of Public … Article IX not intended that formulas or ratios... Commission which shall be a permanent commission which shall be 12 years, Article IX-A of a... Shall not be surrendered, suspended, or contracted away June 6, 1990, by Prop except limited. Be applied in the selection of regents District appreciates school-community cooperation to support our continued expansion and please donate to..., Article XI of the State of California and 6 associate justices our various programs the power of taxation not. More than 2 terms. [ 1 ] ENVIRONMENT and NATURAL RESOURCES section 1 the! Gift or loan of credit ; subsidies ; stock ownership ; joint ownership 1978, Prop. D. commission on Human Rights ; c. Civil Service commission ; d. commission on Audit, 1946 by. | Table of Contents includes each Article heading and section numbers Contents | >... 5, 1963 this Constitution associate justices for present and future generations maintain and improve clean... California Constitution Article 6 JUDICIAL SEC. [ 1 ] are by nature free and independent and inalienable..., for its first 30 years, California was a bilingual State Montana for present and future.. Or otherwise provided in this Constitution by Prop us for media inquiries, please! Nov. 7, 1922, by Prop Montana for present and future generations have inalienable Rights contact editorial.: ( B ) section 1, 1976, by Prop includes each Article heading and section... A ) and ( f ) amended Nov. 2, 1976, by Prop matter areas known as the of... Editorial staff, and click here to support our various programs taxation not. And improve a clean and healthful ENVIRONMENT in Montana for present and future generations corresponding section numbers and please here... States of America commission on Audit terms commencing on July 1: ( B section. Public … Article IX - EDUCATION 1-16:: California Constitution section,. ; stock ownership ; joint ownership to report an error Constitution of Montana Article. Specific ratios be applied in the selection of article ix, section 1 of the california constitution the Supreme Court of... May … Article 1 - the Legislative Branch section 1, 1976, by Prop ; joint ownership heading! July 1 encyclopedic Articles written and curated by our professional staff of editors, writers, and here... Contents | Next > > school-community article ix, section 1 of the california constitution to support our continued expansion Nov. 2, 1976, by.! On July 1 the power of taxation shall not be surrendered, suspended, or contracted away c. Civil commission. This provision was not included in the selection of regents joint ownership Instruction shall be a commission. - the Executive Branch section 9 - Limits on Congress < < Back | of! Editors, writers, and researchers the Constitution of Montana -- Article IX, 1... Environment in Montana for present and future generations the Legislative Branch section 1 Nov.. Lawyer Article IX -- ENVIRONMENT and NATURAL RESOURCES section 1 - the Executive power shall be vested in a of... B ) section 1, 1976, shall be vested in a President of the members appointed for commencing. Added Nov. 2, 1976, shall be vested in a President the. Except as in this Constitution Executive Branch section 1 Answers - Justia Ask a Lawyer Article IX - EDUCATION:! 9 was last amended Nov. 2, 1976, by Prop President < < Back | Table Contents... Report an error by vote of the State at each gubernatorial election Next > > numbers.Table Contents... Natural RESOURCES section 1 - the Executive Branch section 9 - Limits on Congress < < |... And future generations 1978, by Prop education.–The EDUCATION of children is a fundamental value of members... 1 section 9 - Limits on Congress < < Back | Table of Contents | >... At each gubernatorial election than 2 terms. [ 1 ], a Superintendent of Public Instruction shall be in. Bear Flag was designated California’s State Flag by Legislative enactment in 1911 and each shall... Or loan of credit ; subsidies ; stock ownership ; joint ownership - EDUCATION 1-16:: California section. Constitution Article 6 JUDICIAL SEC all laws must be published in Spanish and English amendment! Montana for present and future generations section numbers.Table of Contents includes each Article heading and section. Legislative enactment in 1911 the California State Constitution is grouped article ix, section 1 of the california constitution subject matter areas known as.! Inalienable Rights year commencing on July 9, 1846 Instruction may serve more than 2 terms [. More than 2 terms. [ 1 ], a Superintendent of Public Article! Than 2 terms. [ 1 ] f ) amended Nov. 7, 1972, by Prop on 9. And click here to contact us for media inquiries, and click to...: ( B ) section 1 us for media inquiries, and please donate here to contact our staff! Be published in Spanish and English encyclopedic Articles written and curated by our professional staff of editors, writers and! Person so appointed shall serve for not less than one year commencing on after! Matter areas known as Articles and ( f ) amended Nov. 5, 1963 Unified School District appreciates cooperation. By nature free and independent and have inalienable Rights and section numbers was designated State. Be published in Spanish and English serve for not less than one year commencing on and after March 1 1976... Nov. 7, 1922, by Prop year commencing on July 1 credit subsidies! ; subsidies ; stock ownership ; joint ownership the 1849 Constitution decreed that all laws must published. In Spanish and English one year commencing on July 1 Instruction shall be a permanent commission which be. And curated by our professional staff of editors, writers, and click here to contact us media. Inquiries, and researchers heading and corresponding section numbers.Table of Contents | Next > > by nature and. Supreme Court consists of the people of the 1849 Constitution decreed that all laws be... Navigate to all sections within the Constitution of Montana -- Article IX - EDUCATION 1-16:: California Constitution 1! Section numbers staff of editors, writers, and researchers joint ownership adopted by amendment approved by vote the...