Your veterinarian may need to run a battery of tests, including blood work, cultures for different types of infections, and skin biopsies to determine the root cause of the reaction and prescribe proper treatment. Also called tail gland hyperplasia, stud tail refers to overactive glands on the top of the tail. What has been the gold standard of flea control is a monthly flea prevention protocol. These glands produce waxy excretions that result in hair loss and crusty lesions. Rodent ulcers, also known as indolent ulcers, are unique to cats. Merck Veterinary Manual: "Eosinophilic Granuloma Complex. It is a systemic infection that causes respiratory problems, generalized weakness, a poor appetite, and even blindness. Raw skin in cats may require long-term attention. Indolent ulcers occur on the upper lip of cats … Symptoms may include a black or yellow discharge, redness of the ear flap, and persistent scratching of the ear. Because cat skin allergies have so many possible causes and … Reviewed by Amy Home remedies for cats The term “rodent ulcer” came from the old belief that the sores were from a rodent bite or some sort of infection the cat caught from a rodent. Ringworm is highly contagious and can spread to other pets in the home, as well as to people. Ear mites. Usually caused by flea bite sensitivity, or food allergies, Pemphigus (an autoimmune disorder in which the immune system attacks the skin), Skin infection caused by Staphylococcus, characterized by the presence of pus (pyoderma), Deep fungal or mycotic (parasitic fungi) infections, such as sporotrichosis, cryptococcosis, histoplasmosis, Superficial fungal infections, like Malassezia dermatitis, and dermatophytosis, Actinomycetic bacteria, such as Nocardia, Actinomyces, and Streptomyce; indications of an actinomycetic bacterial infection are similar to a fungal infection, Feline cow pox; transmitted by rodent bite, Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV), and feline leukemia virus (FeLV) related conditions, Various skin disorders in which the skin is abnormal at birth (that is, a congenital abnormality), and that may or may not be inherited, Excessive production of steroids by the adrenal glands (hyperadrenocorticism), especially when complicated by secondary infections or calcium deposits in the skin (calcinosis cutis), Thermal, electrical, solar, or chemical burns. A partial list of disorders that cause erosions or ulcers of the skin include the following: Your veterinarian will begin with a full medical history and physical examination. Follow-up care will be on a case-by-case basis, and will depend on the disease process, the presence of generalized (systemic) diseases, medications used to treat the skin and body, and the potential side effects that can be expected from the medications. The ulcers do not cause any pain and are not itchy. ", Merck Veterinary Manual: "Tuberculosis and Other Mycobacterial Infections. Feline acne typically appears on and around a cat's chin. Most skin lesions are benign, but a small number can be cancerous, which is why it is always important to have any skin lesions checked out by a veterinarian. Bandages can be readily applied to the head, neck, chest, tail, or lower legs of a cat. Therapy of skin ulcers focuses on reducing pressure against the ulcer and keeping it clean. If that is the case, your veterinarian will diagnose this as an idiopathic disorder or disease. ", CatChannel.com: "Cats with Dry, Flaky Skin. Nonepitheliotropic skin lymphosarcoma may occur as either single or multiple tumors that are most likely to develop on the trunk of cats. Treatment for Cat Ulcers. Sources If your cat's dignified poses have given way to constant scratching and licking, a skin problem may be to blame. Feline acne. Signs of ear mites include excessive scratching of the ears, head shaking, and a strong odor and a dark discharge from the ears. Overview. Neutering may eliminate the problem in male cats. Ringworm is another type of fungus that affects cats, especially if they are under age 1. Eosinophilic ulcer also known as rodent ulcer is seen as small sores on the cat’s upper lip. ", American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA): "Cat Care – Ear Care;" "Cat Care – Ringworm;" "Cat Care – Allergies;" "Cat Care – Shedding;" "Cat Care -- Fleas;" "Cat Care -- Cancer;" and "Cat Care -- Ear Mites. The tumors are thick patches or lumps that can have hair loss or skin ulcers. Calicivirus. According to Vet West, a cat's surface skin heals quickly, which leaves the deep puncture unhealed underneath. Erosions or ulcers, which may be found anywhere on the body, Single or multiple lesions, which may be inflamed (indicated by redness and swelling), Lesions over pressure points (where skin lies closest to the bone), Dried discharge on the surface of a skin lesion (crust); or, may have moist discharge oozing from the lesion, Inflammation of blood vessels (vasculitis), Toxic epidermal necrolysis (tissue death, usually medication-induced), Feline indolent ulcer: an inactive, slow healing lip ulcer that causes little to no pain; also called a rodent ulcer, but is not related to rodents. Compulsive licking, chewing, or sucking on the skin may lead to irritation, infection, and thinning hair (a condition called psychogenic alopecia). In many cases, bacterial skin infections develop as a result of another skin problem. If you find a formation of a scab on your cat’s skin, this should not be of great concern since it acts as a … The disease spreads quickly. If your cat's dignified poses have given way to constant scratching and licking, a … Ringworm, a fungal infection, and minor bacterial infections can cause skin sores in cats. Yeast infections respond well to treatment with antifungal medicine, but be sure to get a diagnosis from a veterinarian before using anything on your cat. However, they may include one or more of the following: 1. They are elongated lesions that are reddish-yellow in color. If the lump is small enough, a vet may recommend removing it entirely. Symptoms will depend on the underlying cause. The sores may later crust over. The healed surface skin traps bacteria under the skin, which will gradually fester and cause a painful swollen area and potentially a mass of pus. If your cat seems to be in more pain after the medication is used, discontinue it and contact your veterinarian. And remember: Treating all pets in the home is necessary for whatever plan you use to be effective. But if you notice your cat is losing more hair than usual or has bald patches, see your veterinarian as soon as possible. An ulcer may be like a bleeding sore on the cat’s skin. Persistent dandruff may be a sign of poor nutrition, inadequate grooming, or an underlying medical problem. WebMD does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. 5 Monitor for any inflammation or ulceration. Crusty cat scabs on cat’s back, head, belly, legs or tail are caused by blood clots or fluids that form on top of a cut or wound when healing process is taking place. If this describes your cat, talk to your vet about stress reduction and behavior modification strategies that can help as well as address some underlying medical issues. Erosions are shallow defects in the skin that only affect the skin's upper layers. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. "Small Animal Dermatology," Linda Medleau and Keith A. Hnilica . Treatment depends on severity, but may include specialized shampoos, ointments, or oral medications. Blastomycosis is a fungal infection that causes cat skin sores. An in depth history, which you will provide, will be necessary for the true nature of the disorder to be made apparent. To eradicate fleas, you’ll need to treat your cat as well as your furniture, bedding, and rugs. Mites can be treated with a topical product prescribed by your vet. Despite their name, there is no connection between them and rodents of any kind. They may not have to worry about a prom night disaster, but cats get pimples, too. GENETICS • Some diseases characterized by erosions or ulcers of the skin are likely inherited since they tend to occur in certain breeds; however, no genetic screening tests are available (such as lupoid disorders, familial dermatomyositis, zinc-responsive dermatoses) Yet another fungus -- although rare -- sporotrichosis produces small, hard skin lesions that may leak fluid. However, they may include one or more of the following: Common causes for skin ulcers and erosions are burns, trauma, and skin infections, as well as more complicated conditions, such as drug reactions, certain types of cancers, and autoimmune diseases of the skin. If you think your pet may have a veterinary emergency, immediately call your veterinarian. Bacterial infections may be treated with antibiotics, but it's important to address any underlying skin conditions to prevent a recurrence. Among the three manifestations of the complex, eosino… There are also products that can be given every other month as well as a collar that can provide protection for up to 8 months. Her skin should also feel smooth when you pet her. Skin Problems in Cats By Jessica Vogelsang, DVM Skin problems are one of the most common reasons cats are brought to the veterinarian. Your veterinarian will tailor a management program that is best for your cat's individual case; if the cause of the dermatosis is known, specific drug therapies may then be prescribed. Food allergies or fleas are sometimes to blame, but the lesions can also result from bacterial infections. In some cases an underlying cause cannot be identified. Treatment depends on what is causing the reaction. How to Identify a Problem Right Away. Atropine relieves the pain but also dilates the pupil widely. © 2005 - 2019 WebMD LLC. Treatment for a skin ulcer can include protective bandages or splints, antibiotic cream or ointments, oral antibiotics as well as whirlpool baths. Mouth ulcers are small, painful, round, white lesions affecting the mouth including the lips, tongue, and gums. The history of the itching will be taken into account, as well as incidences of exposure to infectious organisms, and recent travel history (to account for some fungal diseases that can be acquired from environments other than the one in which you and your cat live). Acne is associated with teenagers and feline acne has its kitty equivalent. The outer border might be raised and thick. Large infestations can lead to scratching, restlessness, unusual coat appearance, and hair loss. The condition is often called gastroduodenal disease and the ulcers that are symptomatic of this condition are called gastroduodenal ulcers. THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE VETERINARY ADVICE. Erosive or ulcerative dermatoses are from a group of dissimilar skin disorders characterized by the presence of erosions or ulcers. For these reasons, cats with sporotrichosis should be treated promptly, and caregivers should be meticulous about hygiene. This is especially important owing to the extensive differential list (see Causes). Additional procedures can consist of surgery to remove infected tissue from the ulcer. An aspirated sample of the fluids, and a subsequent microscopic examination of the involved cells in the fluid will also be used to determine the presence of bacterial infection, either aerobic or anaerobic (bacteria that can live with, or without oxygen, respectively). See additional information. Dry skin on cats is a common condition — especially in winter when the weather turns cooler. Follow-up care with your veterinarian is important, especially for slowly healing ulcers; the progress of the wound should be monitored at least every other week to be sure that healing is proceeding properly, and that infection has not further complicated the healing process. It is not a substitute for professional veterinary advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your pet’s health. Viruses can also be the cause of erosions or ulcers, and can appear identical to burns or trauma. ", CatChannel.com: "The Cat Owner's Guide to Parasites.". Ulcers can be symptoms of larger problems, such as feline calicivirus, an upper respiratory infection common in cats. Lesions, ulcers and blisters will need to be biopsied for an in depth analysis. If you live with cats, you learn to cope with cat hair on your favorite sweater. The ear is one of the most common spots for a yeast infection. The skin around these lesions is often flaky and bald. Because lice are species-specific, you do not need to worry about getting lice from your cat. Monthly control, though, is not the only option. Cats may groom compulsively in response to stress, such as moving into a new home, but they may also overgroom due to a medical problem such as arthritis. Cat Skin Problems. Compendium: Continuing Education for Veterinarians, May 2009. Your veterinarian will perform a histological skin biopsy -- an analysis of the diseased tissues -- as well as mycobacterial, and/or fungal cultures, and evaluations of fluid and pus from the lesion or blister. The causes of cat skin sores are numerous. At six month follow-up, the cat had gained a total of 3 pounds. First, make sure that your veterinarian approves of hydrotherapy as an appropriate treatment for your cat's condition. Although it … They are commonly found on young, neglected cats and often go unnoticed. Apart from this, drugs have to be administered to … Ideally, your cat's fur is clean and fluffy. Even if the skin looks fine, your cat should be examined if they are scratching, licking, or biting themselves excessively. Special shampoos and supplements of omega-3 fatty acids can help treat feline dandruff. Identifying the reason for raw skin can be difficult; it requires careful observation. Flowers, DVM on May 28, 2020. 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