Struggling with distance learning? Theodore Roosevelt pushed Congress to pass both the Pure Food and Drug Act, which ensured that meatpacking plants processed their products in a sanitary manner, and the Meat Inspection Act, which required that the U.S. Department of Agriculture inspect all livestock before slaughter. Jurgis takes to alcohol. “The Jungle” and the Pandemic: The Meat Industry, Coronavirus, and an Economy in Crisis HuffPost senior reporter Zach Carter and journalist Ted Genoways are this week’s guests. Although Sinclair's authorial intention in The Jungle is to illustrate the plight of the immigrants and the folly of capitalism, his novel is remembered more for illuminating the abuses in the meatpacking industry. One night Jurgis wanders into a socialist political rally, where he is transformed. Like the animals, workers are "processed" for every last bit of energy and then discarded when they are no longer useful. The Jungle, on the other hand, is a brutal exposÃ© of the widespread abuse of immigrant and poor workers in Chicago's meatpacking district at the turn of the twentieth century. They put him in a place where the snow could not beat in, where the cold could not eat through his bones; they brought him food and drink—why, in the name of heaven, if they must punish him, did they not put his family in jail and leave him outside—why could they find no better way to punish him than to leave three weak women and six helpless children to starve and freeze? Men prepare bacon at a meat packing plant in Chicago, circa 1955 "My students can't get enough of your charts and their results have gone through the roof." Packingtown is an urban jungle: savage, unforgiving, and unrelenting. Then he began to—to make love to me. As winter comes, the conditions at each of their places of work become even more dangerous. However, when he attempts to change out the hundred for smaller bills at a bar, the bartender swindles him. One problem in the meatpacking industry was how poorly they treated the animals about to be killed for their meat. Sinclair wanted to expose these conditions to the wider American public, hoping that an appeal to readers’ emotions might spark change. It’s Still the Jungle Out There. The meat packing industry handles the slaughtering, processing, packaging, and distribution of meat from animals such as … More than a century after Upton Sinclair’s novel about exploitation in America’s meat industry, the coronavirus has revealed how little meatpacking has changed Jurgis feels renewed hope; he has dedicated himself entirely to Antanas. He also portrays the grotesque physical harm done to workers, who lose fingers, cut themselves and get blood poisoning, have their skin eroded by acid, and lose limbs under highly dangerous working conditions. From the killing beds to the fertilizer plant, the meatpacking plant is portrayed as a Hell on Earth, a place of blistering cold and burning heat, a place where a man might fall unnoticed into a boiling vat and be turned into canned food. The title of Sinclair’s novel describes the savage nature of Packingtown. The 1905 story about the Chicago meatpacking industry that inspired Upton Sinclair’s novel The Jungle also shows the power of photojournalism, a study argues. Jurgis is once again sent to prison. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The William Davies Company facilities in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, circa 1920. Then one day he caught hold of me—he would not let go—he—he—. It was a fictionalized account of what it was like in the meat packing industry, and how horrible working conditions were in meat packing plants. (including. The culmination of his work was the passage in 1906 of the Meat Inspection Act, enshrined in history, or at least in history books, as a sacred cow (excuse the pun) of the interventionist state. Mike Scully, a corrupt politician, eventually hires Jurgis to cross picket lines as a scab. He offered me money. An exposé of the American meatpacking industry and the horrors endured by immigrant workers generated public outrage resulting in passage of federal legislation that improved food quality and working conditions. Invoking Antanas’s needs, Elzbieta finally convinces Jurgis to find another job. The Jungle, novel by Upton Sinclair, published serially in 1905 and as a single-volume book in 1906. The Jungle is as an exposé of the horrific working conditions and unsanitary conditions in Chicago's meatpacking industry. Omissions? Ona is pregnant for a second time and, after returning home late one night from work, is revealed to have been raped by her boss, Phil Connor. He was given a $500 advance in 1904 by the socialist magazine Appeal to Reason to begin his project. They all live in a small town named Packingtown in Chicago. Major outbreaks of the coronavirus among workers in meatpacking plants have brought renewed public scrutiny to a hazardous industry. Get an answer for 'In Upton Sinclair's "The Jungle," how did the meat packing industry treat meat that smelled bad?' He would hound us to death, he said—then he said if I would—if I —we would all of us be sure of work—always. Then he threatened me. Sinclair based the novel on the American meatpacking industry. He knew all about us, he knew we would starve. Jurgis, finally recovered, tries to find work, but, after three months of being sedentary, he has lost some of his strength, causing all the factories to deny him work. For example, "There were high squeals and low squeals, grunts, and wails of agony" This quote obviously shows how scared the pigs were as they were hanging from only one of their legs. Working conditions in the new urban industrial zones were wretched, and a progressive reform movement soon grew out of the need to address the health and welfare of the American worker. Upton Sinclair wrote The Jungle to expose the appalling working conditions in the meat-packing industry. For it was the custom, as they found, whenever meat was so spoiled that it could not be used for anything else, either to can it or else to chop it up into sausage. He describes Sinclair’s “jungle” was unregulated enterprise; his example was the meat-packing industry; his purpose was government regulation. Jurgis abandons the rest of the family and wanders the countryside for a while, returning to Chicago the next winter to live on his own. Out in the saloons the men could tell him all about the meaning of it; they gazed at him with pitying eyes—poor devil, he was blacklisted!...He was condemned and sentenced, without trial and without appeal; he could never work for the packers again—he could not even clean cattle pens or drive a truck in any place where they controlled. -Graham S. Below you will find the important quotes in, “Would not have made it through AP Literature without the printable PDFs. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? How many do you know? They're like having in-class notes for every discussion!”, “This is absolutely THE best teacher resource I have ever purchased. The Jungle is a novel by Upton Sinclair, published serially in 1905 and as a book in 1906. Throughout the story… When The Jungle was published, its readers were outraged—but not in the way Sinclair had hoped. Jurgis, defeated, goes on a drinking binge. His membership reveals to him the corruption deeply embedded in the factory system, which prompts him to take English classes in the hopes of promotion. In 1906, Upton Sinclair's novel The Jungle , about conditions in industrial meat packing plants, was published. This study will analyze Upton Sinclair's expose of the horrors of the meatpacking industry in Chicago in the first years of the twentieth century. In fact, on the same day he signed the Meat Inspection Act, June 30, 1906, Roosevelt also signed the Pure Food and Drug Act, which established the FDA and set the foundation for all food safety regulations today. Their primary concern was food quality rather than the dangerous labour practices and cruel treatment of animals that Sinclair sought to expose. He wants the reader to not only understand that there were problems in the meat packing industry but to have a complete picture in their mind of the absolutely disgusting conditions so that they couldn't just forget it. Jurgis encounters Phil Connor again and, in a fit of rage, attacks him. After being scammed into renting a barely livable house, they get to work. "The Jungle" exposed the horrors of the meatpacking industry. Using the public’s reaction to the novel, U.S. Pres. Active Themes Get the entire The Jungle LitChart as a printable PDF. LitCharts Teacher Editions. After suffering a sprained ankle from a work-related accident, Jurgis is bedridden for three months without pay; this lack of income puts a massive strain on his family. The Jungle was also soon translated into dozens of languages. The Jungle, a powerful and eye-opening novel by Upton Sinclair, shows how the meat-packing industry ran off corruption and “modern” slave work. ... back that “The Jungle” was mostly lies and exaggerations. They use everything about the hog except the squeal. Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle was first published in the United States in 1906. Esther Lombardi, M.A., is a journalist who has covered books and literature for over twenty years. " Detailed explanations, analysis, and citation info for every important quote on LitCharts. The Jungle ," a 1906 novel by Upton Sinclair, is full of graphic descriptions of the poor conditions workers and cattle endured in the Chicago meat-packing industry. Teach your students to analyze literature like LitCharts does. Working conditions had improved through the mid-twentieth century, after investigations by muckraking journalist Upton Sinclair and others early in the century exposed unsafe and unsanitary practices. Dede dies. Updates? The upper class, politicians and factory managers, took charge of the hideous environment the working class labored in. He knew your boss—he knew Marija's. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Jurgis responds to these terrible working conditions by joining a labour union. She hated me. “I aimed at the public’s heart, and by accident I hit it in the stomach,” he said. His description of diseased, rotten, and contaminated meat shocked the public and led to new federal food safety laws. Eventually he gets a job at a fertilizer plant—the worst possible job, because the chemicals used there kill most workers after a few years. The Jungle explores and illustrates the conditions of the meatpacking industry. Jurgis and his family, hoping for opportunity, are instead thrown into a chaotic world that requires them to constantly struggle in order to survive. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). When Jurgis is released from prison, he finds that his family has been evicted from their house. The Jungle’s excellent qualities have made it my favorite book. When he finds them, he discovers Ona prematurely in labour. The novel, while containing an abundance of true events, is fictional. To do research, Sinclair had gone undercover for seven weeks inside various Chicago meatpacking plants. Jurgis meets Jack Duane, who is a criminal; the two become friends. Teachers and parents! However, Jurgis’s life is shattered once again when he arrives home to find Antanas drowned in a mud puddle outside their house. My students love how organized the handouts are and enjoy tracking the themes as a class.”. He utilized the fictional immigrant family as a vehicle for nonfictional anecdotes. That was their law, that was their justice! The original text plus a side-by-side modern translation of. The Jungle is as an exposé of the horrific working conditions and unsanitary conditions in Chicago's meatpacking industry. The novel portrays the harsh conditions and exploited lives of immigrants in the United States in Chicago and similar industrialized cities. This gross description of pickling procedures reveals the grotesque and unsanitary conditions in Chicago's meatpacking industry—and this is only the beginning of those revelations. Instant downloads of all 1388 LitChart PDFs Our, The Immigrant Experience and Disillusionment, LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in, Compare and contrast themes from other texts to this theme…, The ThemeTracker below shows where, and to what degree, the theme of The Horrors of the Meatpacking Industry appears in each chapter of. “The Jungle” is a work of fiction. Marija has become addicted to morphine. With what had been told them by Jonas, who had worked in the pickle rooms, they could now study the whole of the spoiled-meat industry on the inside, and read a new and grim meaning into that old Packingtown jest—that they use everything of the pig except the squeal. 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