Group 4 elements all prefer 4 bonds (Si, Ge, Sn, Pb). It creates covalent bonds — the strongest bonds between atoms. The following is a deeper understanding of how these unique properties of tetra-valency and catenation result in a highly versatile nature of carbon: Tetra-valency of Carbon (Source: Wikipedia) Versatile Nature of Carbon. Learn. Carbon atom can form double or triple bonds with other elements like carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, etc. All the allotropic forms of carbon burn in the presence of oxygen releasing carbon dioxide along with heat and light. Carbon. Carbon. The unique properties of carbon aerogels are motivating research on their synthesis and application. Though carbon has a relatively low atomic mass, one would expect hydrogen to be the most relevant element if low mass was the most pertinent property of carbon. Carbon's ability to form long carbon-to-carbon chains is the first of five reasons that there can be so many different carbon compounds; a molecule that differs by even one atom is, of course, a molecule of a different compound. Chemical properties of carbon compounds . Biology library. Combustion. Lessons. Also, carbon has 4 valence electrons, that is 4 bonding electrons; carbon "prefers" to form 4 bonds. Carbon can form ionic bonds (generally with metals), but is most commonly found in organic molecules where it forms covalent bonds. Despite the enormous commercial and scientific potential of carbon aerogels, only a few recent reviews and book chapters have, unfortunately, a … Unit: Properties of carbon. These different molecules are called isomers. Unit: Properties of carbon. Carbon isn't the only element that "prefers" 4 bonds. Carbon has the atomic number of 6, meaning each carbon atom has a total of six electrons. Carbon is unique in that it has 6 protons and 6 electrons. 2 See answers Skrttskrtt Skrttskrtt 1.) Carbon is small and has four valence electrons; these factors combine into a unique structure that allows it to easily make a chain of carbon atoms. One of the properties that makes Carbon unique is its ability to create four covalent bonds allowing it to link to itself in order to create carbon chains of various lengths and configurations, or to connect to non-carbon atoms in order to form compounds with unique and specialized chemical properties. ... makes a molecule with a different shape and hence different properties. Carbon is unique in its chemical properties because it forms a number of components superior than the total addition of all the other elements in combination with each other. The biggest group of all these components is the one formed by carbon and hydrogen. Carbon is unique among the elements in its ability to form strongly bonded chains, sealed off by hydrogen atoms. 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