Height: 45cm (18"). Blossom: blue crown with yellow stamens 8. Avoid vines with yellow leaves--a sign of root rot--as well as those that appear leggy or straggly. Family: dogbane (apocynaceae) 3. Vinca major, with the common names bigleaf periwinkle, large periwinkle, greater periwinkle and blue periwinkle, is a species of flowering plant in the family Apocynaceae, native to the western Mediterranean. Hardiness zones 4-8 are the optimal regions for periwinkle growth. - 1 ft. 6 in. The plant is not only av… Valuable Vinca facts. Types of Vinca plants . To keep the vinca plant from rotting, make sure to leave 2 to 3 inches of space between the plant and the mulch. Name – Vinca Common name – Periwinkle Family – Apocynaceae (dogbane). Fertilize vincas every two weeks with a balanced flo… They produce an abundance of single, 1"-2" funnel shaped flowers with five flared and flattened petals, beginning in mid-spring and continuing throughout the summer. Flowering period: from early March to June (late bloom until autumn) 9. While annual vinca, or Madagascar periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus), is best grown from seed, perennial littleleaf periwinkle (Vinca minor) and common periwinkle (Vinca major) easily grow from cuttings. Hardiness: USDA Zones 5 - 9. Vinca major INVASIVE WEED Like many invasive plants, its beauty is deceiving. Vincas are fans of acidic soil, and their ideal soil pH level is around 5.5. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. It's tempting to rush these charmers into the ground, so you can enjoy them, but one cold night is all it takes to damage the plants. Shear or pinch the vinca major back occasionally to promote new, compact growth. In addition to this acidity, both soil temperature and night time temperature should be allowed to warm in the spring or early summer before planting. Vinca major, with the common names bigleaf periwinkle, large periwinkle, greater periwinkle and blue periwinkle, is a species of flowering plant in the family Apocynaceae, native to the western Mediterranean. For larger landscape jobs, plant bare root plants … Its texture is coarser than V. minor. Vinca flowers are drought-tolerant, but they should be watered whenever the surrounding soil is dry. The soil should be moist 6 inches deep. North of USDA Zone 7, it is more commonly used as a container plant. Do be careful, however, if you live in a warm climate. They typically stand only 3 to 6 inches off the ground, but their trailing stems can reach 18 inches in length. Vinca (Vinca) is a genus of plants native to the Old World and Asia. Valuable Vinca facts. Vinca major exhibits attractive violet flowers in the spring. Another name for vinca is periwinkle, but don't let the name fool you. Vinca minor, or Periwinkle, is an herbaceous perennial evergreen ground cover from Europe with blue-lavender flowers in spring and early summer. Ornamental Features. Commercial, slow-release, well-balanced fertilizer formulated for evergreen plants. Space the plants 4 to 8 inches apart if you plan to use them as a ground cover, and 8 to 12 inches apart for a border edging. Carol Sarao is an entertainment and lifestyle writer whose articles have appeared in Atlantic City Weekly, The Women's Newspaper of Princeton, and New Millennium Writings. It's best to plant creeping myrtle in early spring, before its blooming season. Vinca Species: major Family: Apocynaceae Life Cycle: Perennial Recommended Propagation Strategy: Stem Cutting Country Or Region Of Origin: Asia Wildlife Value: Resistant to damage by deer Dimensions: Height: 0 ft. 8 in. Do Time to act in October. Do not plant vinca in the same soil repeatedly, because this can lead to problems with root rot diseases. Vinca (Vinca) is a genus of plants native to the Old World and Asia. Periwinkles are fast growing, evergreen ground cover plants with opposing pairs of glossy dark green or variegated, oblong to lance shaped, 1½"-3" leaves. The likelihood of vinca disease is small, but you can further reduce the risk by planting disease-resistant cultivars like "Cora" and "Nirvana." Plant your vinca minor when temperatures are around 24 to 38 °C (75 to 100 °F). Preferred growing conditions: Plant Vinca minor in compost enriched, acidic loam. N. Do Time to act in November. Many cultivars are available, with different plant, leaf, and flower colors, sizes, and habits. Vincas survive droughts well but don't like wet soil, so give them a home in loamy or sandy soil that drains well. The genus vinca has a total of five to seven varieties. Water as needed. If she's not puttering in the house, you'll find her in the garden playing in the dirt. Home is where the heart is, and Michelle frequently pens articles about ways to keep yours looking great and feeling cozy. Vinca (Vinca major), commonly called bigleaf periwinkle, big periwinkle or blue buttons, is a low-maintenance, easy-to-grow evergreen groundcover hardy in U. S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 7 through 9.Its aggressive growth habit and adaptability to a wide variety of environmental conditions make it both beloved and hated by gardeners. Genus: periwinkle (vinca) 5. It is widely used as a ground cover and container plant. Spread: 75cm (30"). Colors include white, red, pink, lavender and a few bicolors. Growing to 25 cm (10 in) tall and spreading indefinitely, it is an evergreen perennial, frequently used in cultivation as groundcover - 1 ft. 6 in. Find specific plants with our Plant Finder & Plant Selector. Dig a hole that is roughly twice as big around as each plant's root ball, and about as deep. Growth form: perennial prostrate shrub 7. Vinca major grows best in zones 6 to 9. Genus Vinca can be evergreen subshrubs or herbaceous perennials, with simple, paired leaves and solitary, 5-lobed, salver-shaped flowers in the leaf axils . Caution. Don't wet the plant itself. Vincas don't like cold weather, so wait to plant yours until on or after May 1. Name – Vinca Common name – Periwinkle Family – Apocynaceae (dogbane). It flowers best in full sun but grows just about anywhere on a whole range of soils. Vinca works excellent in containers or when planted in the ground. For a smaller, more compact vine, choose the Heatwave Pink, a dwarf cultivar. That said, it is a hardy... Transplanting Window. Vincas tolerate dry conditions and are resistant to deer and bunnies, so you won't have to worry about the local wildlife munching on your garden plants. It's tempting to rush these charmers into the ground, so you can enjoy them, but one cold night is all it takes to damage the plants. Vinca minor, or Periwinkle, is an herbaceous perennial evergreen ground cover from Europe with blue-lavender flowers in spring and early summer. Moisture: Vinca Major tolerates dry soils but grows best in rich, moist soils. Periwinkle is also great for erosion control and filling in tough areas on steeper hills, as well as along banks. Annual Vinca (Catharanthus roseus) One of my favorite summer annuals is vinca. Vinca (Vinca major), commonly called bigleaf periwinkle, big periwinkle or blue buttons, is a low-maintenance, easy-to-grow evergreen groundcover hardy in U. S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 7 through 9.Its aggressive growth habit and adaptability to a wide variety of environmental conditions make it both beloved and hated by gardeners. While annual vinca, or Madagascar periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus), is best grown from seed, perennial littleleaf periwinkle (Vinca minor) and common periwinkle (Vinca major) easily grow from cuttings. Growth Rate. There are new spreading types that are wider and lower. Vinca major--also called bigleaf periwinkle--is a fast-growing perennial vine that features heart-shaped evergreen leaves and violet flowers that bloom from April to June. For prevention, it is advisable to pay attention for the plant spacing so that sufficient air can circulate between the individual plants. Periwinkle (Vinca Major) is also known as small and large periwinkle, though not very often in use and is a plant with a lot of benefits. Vincas don't like cold weather, so wait to plant yours until on or after May 1. Annual vinca (Catharanthus roseus) is a tropical perennial that is grown as an annual in most regions.It has flowers and foliage that resemble those of impatiens, but rather than being a shade lover, annual vinca is a perfect choice for sunny locations. Vinca Species: major Family: Apocynaceae Life Cycle: Perennial Recommended Propagation Strategy: Stem Cutting Country Or Region Of Origin: Asia Wildlife Value: Resistant to damage by deer Dimensions: Height: 0 ft. 8 in. Vinca major, commonly called greater periwinkle, large periwinkle or blue buttons, is an evergreen, prostrate, mat-forming perennial with long trailing stems. - 2 ft. 0 in. Although the vinca major vine can grow in full shade, partial shade or full sun, be aware that planting a vinca major vine in full sun produces better-looking flowers, while being planted in partial or full shade creates more attractive foliage. It flowers best in full sun but grows just about anywhere on a whole range of soils. Because the plants are low and spread quickly, they are often used as groundcover in garden landscapes and container gardens. Some varieties even produce flowers with one color petal and a different color center for a two-toned effect. Vinca Major; Evergreen ornamental flowering plant. She has interviewed and reviewed many national recording acts, among them Everclear, Live, and Alice Cooper, and received her Master of Fine Arts degree in writing from Warren Wilson College. Hunker may earn compensation through affiliate links in this story. The leaves are small, rounded to lance-shaped, and a pleasing, glossy, green. While vinca grows as an annual in most of the United States, it's a perennial in the plant hardiness zones 10 and 11. If you see them on your plants, simply remove them by hand. Vinca is a plant genus that’s part of the dogbane family. Water the plants only when the top inch of soil is dry. D. Do not Time to act in December. Vinca is used for medical purposes: Lowering blood pressure; Lowering blood sugar levels; Treatments of cough, cold and sore throat; Used to treat leukemia and various forms of cancer. Our summers are relentless, this autumn has still felt like summer, our winters are getting warmer and we need to find plants that will flower through summer and continue through to winter. By providing the vinca major plant with some basic requirements, you can brighten up shady or bare spots in your yard or garden with this handsome vine. Cover the seeds lightly with soil, then lay a damp newspaper over the tray because germinating seeds of vinca require total darkness. Mulch the plants lightly if desired. By creating an account you agree to the Hunker, Missouri Botanical Garden: Catharanthus Roseus, University of Florida IFAS Extension: Periwinkles, Clemson Cooperative Extension: Annual Vinca, LSU AgCenter: Take Care With Vincas to Avoid Problems. Dark green leaves (to 3” long) are ovate to lanceolate. The stems of these plants root at their joints as they creep along the ground and spread rapidly to become a pretty flowering ground cover able to fill in a large area and keep weeds down. If your plants do fall victim to disease, plant them elsewhere in the next growing season. When you do plant them, choose a location where they can enjoy full sun to part shade. You'll only need 1/4 cup of fertilizer for every 100 square feet of soil, so use lightly. Proper spacing promotes airflow and allows plants to dry more quickly when they do get wet. Plant spacing's for bare root: 18 inches apart. Used as a groundcover perennial, Vinca major 'Variegata' is the perfect plant to occupy large areas of ground or sloping banks that are difficult to mow and maintain. In midsummer, drench plants with a liquid plant food to stimulate new growth. Plant vinca seeds indoors three to four months before the last frost of the season. Set the vinca vines in the holes, making sure to plant them at the same depth at which they were planted in the containers. This species originates from the Mediterranean and has three and a half inch leaves with two inch flowers. Order: gentianales 2. Whole Plant Traits: Plant Type: Ground Cover Herbaceous Perennial Perennial Vine 150 plants will cover 225 square feet. Bury the transplant or rooted branch up to its crown, which is the point where the stem meets the roots. Daves Garden: Detailed Information on Greater Periwinkle Vinca Major, Colorado State University Cooperative Extension: The Year of the Vinca. In a plant that was already reliably drought-tolerant and pest-free, what more could you ask? Her garden articles provide tips and insight that anyone can use to turn a brown thumb green. Vinca typically needs no fertilization. You can replant vincas in the same area after skipping one season. Vinca major. That’s why when you visit us, you will get the best service, best selection and best quality. Vinca major--also called bigleaf periwinkle--is a fast-growing perennial vine that features heart-shaped evergreen leaves and violet flowers that bloom from April to June. Great for brightening up a shady spot, this ground-hugging, evergreen, trailing groundcover has dark green leaves with yellowish-white edges. When growing in this region, confine your vinca to a pot or plant it in an area where you won't mind it coming back. But both are shade-tolerant, trailing, flowering plants with evergreen leaves and (most often) violet-blue flowers that can be used as ground covers. It may seem like a nana plant but the humble vinca is a plant that fits the climate-change bill. Excellent as a ground cover for large natural areas and around trees, but it can become weedy. Vinca major will grow in any soil type including clay. Excellent as a ground cover for large natural areas and around trees, but it can become weedy. Most vinca have a dense, rounded form. It is widely used as a ground cover and container plant. Type – perennial Bearing (V. major) – trailing vineBearing (V. minor) – ground coverHeight – 1 to 2 feet (30 to 60 cm). In terms of temperatures, plants hardy to zones 4-8 can withstand a minimum temperature of … Most vinca have a dense, rounded form. Vinca minor is a very versatile plant for many mixed borders and containers. Slugs and snails sometimes enjoy a taste of vinca. Though I would not use this vinca in a landscape or garden setting, it does have value in utility settings like controlling serious erosion in areas such as drainage ditches where little else will grow. Examine the stems and leaves of vinca major vines before purchasing them in order to select a healthy, vigorous plant free of insect pests or diseases. Vinca major spreads quickly along the ground by forming roots at the growing tips and leaf nodes. If a plant suffers from rot, remove it from the planting bed, so the problem doesn't spread. Use either transplants from a nursery or rooted branches divided from an existing Vinca major plant. Vinca major is an evergreen Shrub growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) by 1 m (3ft 3in) at a medium rate. At Houston Plants and Garden World, we pride ourselves on providing you with the best customer service. Varieties. Annual vinca is not the same as the perennial periwinkles (Vinca minor or V. major) that are grown as groundcovers. Vinca major, commonly called greater periwinkle, large periwinkle or blue buttons, is an evergreen, prostrate, mat-forming perennial with long trailing stems. It is in leaf all year, in flower from April to June. It is considered hardy up to zone 5, but will certainly die off in the winter in the colder zones. You'll find her work on Modern Mom, The Nest and eHow as well as sprinkled throughout your other online home decor and improvement favorites. Two kinds of Vinca exist, major and minor.. Vinca major or periwinkle is a pretty, low-growing plant often with pale blue flowers that is used as a ground cover plant because of its mat-forming properties. Used as a groundcover perennial, Vinca major 'Variegata' is the perfect plant to occupy large areas of ground or sloping banks that are difficult to mow and maintain. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. Two kinds of Vinca exist, major and minor.. It is often confused with vinca minor, but it differs from this plant in that the leaves are larger and a paler shade of green. Unless it falls victim to over-watering, vinca is typically free of disease and insect problems. Plant the Vinca major. Borne on arching shoots over a long season, large violet-blue flowers, 2 in. To keep the vinca plant from rotting, make sure to leave 2 to 3 inches of space between the plant and the mulch. Vinca flowers are drought-tolerant, but they should be watered whenever the surrounding soil is dry. If you want to heal your existing diseases and speed up healing in the natural way, you should take advantage of miracles that nature offers you. Origin: EuropeWhether in the garden or in parks, the dwarf periwinkle is a real eyecatcher. When you do plant them, choose a location where … Stop by any nursery this time of year, and you will find flats full of their vibrant blooms, and there are many different colors available. Vinca major excels as a ground cover for large bare spaces--where it provides good erosion control--and as an edging for flower beds. Biology & Spread: Floating vegetation/debris: High flood waters carry plant fragments downstream For ornamental purposes: V. major is commonly sold as an ornamental. Vinca is a plant genus that’s part of the dogbane family. Benefits of Vinca. See how RHS can give expert advice on growing, feeding, pruning and propagating plants. Vinca produces two types of stems. It will rebloom intermittantly throughout the year. Above zone 8, vinca major needs a shadier spot and more watering, but becomes a perennial, and under the right conditions can become invasive in … Whole Plant Traits: Plant Type: Ground Cover Herbaceous Perennial Perennial Vine It is often confused with vinca minor, but it differs from this plant in that the leaves are larger and a paler shade of green. Trailing vincas are a great option as a spiller out of a container or hanging basket. However, it can be very invasive, and will rapidly spread around the garden if it is not kept under control. Preferred growing conditions: Plant Vinca minor in compost enriched, acidic loam. Landscape/fauna "improvement": V. major is planted as an ornamental ground cover. Pull unwanted vines by hand as soon as they emerge to prevent vinca major from taking over your lawn or garden. Vinca major is similar to Vinca minor, except that it is cold-hardy only in zones 7 to 9 and is a bit larger. Periwinkle (Vinca major), also known as bigleaf periwinkle, greater periwinkle, or large periwinkle, is a spreading, perennial vine with blue-purple flowers, originally from southern Europe and northern Africa.The non-flowering stems of periwinkle grow along the ground, while the flowering stems stand upright. see more; Family Apocynaceae . You can generally avoid all of these issues by pointing your hose at the soil when watering the plants rather than dowsing the leaves and flowers. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not frost tender. Vinca Major is a semi-evergreen ground cover plant that is a more aggressive plant. From purples and pinks to bright reds. Width: 1 ft. 0 in. Width: 1 ft. 0 in. Vinca Minor; Evergreen ornamental flowering plant. Mix a standard application of a balanced organic fertiliser into the soil prior to planting. Height: 45cm (18"). Apply according to label directions. Periwinkle (Vinca major), also known as bigleaf periwinkle, greater periwinkle, or large periwinkle, is a spreading, perennial vine with blue-purple flowers, originally from southern Europe and northern Africa.The non-flowering stems of periwinkle grow along the ground, while the flowering stems stand upright. Once they're planted, vincas need very little attention from you. Scientific: Vinca major Common: greater periwinkle Family: Apocynaceae Origin: Europe Pronounciation: VIN-na MA-jor Hardiness zones Sunset 5-24 USDA 7-11. The plants grow 1 or 2 feet high and about the same in width. O. This plant grows to 18 inches and spreads indefinitely. Water as needed. […] Two of the species, Vinca major and Vinca minor, are extensively cultivated as a flowering evergreen ornamental plant. If you live in a warm-weather climate, don't plant vinca major where it will be exposed to scorching afternoon sun and extreme heat. Other: V. major … Vinca is grown as an annual. Space your plants 10 to 12 inches apart to promote airflow and minimize the risk of fungus. They are also traditionally used in older cemeteries as an evergreen maintenance-free ground cover. We know you have a choice when it comes to where you spend your gardening dollars. For a less-invasive plant, choose the variegated vinca major cultivar, which is not as aggressive as the solid-leafed variety. Dig the soil up with a shovel to the depth of 12 inches deep in a planting area with good draining soil … The plant reaches 18" tall, and spreads 5-10' wide. If, however, you know your soil is nutritionally lacking, you can apply a general purpose 10-10-10 fertilizer early in the spring. Vinca major, also known as big periwinkle, displays trailing vines, glossy green leaves and colorful blooms from spring until the first frost in autumn. If you want a pop of color that lasts from spring all the way to the fall, annual vinca (Catharanthus roseus) is the plant for you. Apply a 2-inch layer of mulch made of bark chips or pine straw to conserve moisture, protect the roots, and provide a physical barrier against fungal diseases. Annual Vinca (formerly known as Vinca rosea) is now considered to be in a separate genus. Blue flowers appear in spring. 4-8 are the optimal regions for periwinkle growth after leaves are small, rounded to lance-shaped, a. Over-Watering, vinca major spreads quickly along the ground also traditionally used in older as... The soil prior to planting 2 inches deep around the plants only when top. Myrtle in early spring, using a slow-release, well-balanced fertilizer formulated for evergreen plants after skipping one.. 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Type including clay want help organizing your closet, picking a paint color or finishing drywall Michelle. Full sun but grows just about anywhere on a whole range when to plant vinca major soils sprawling out over ground! Pollinated by Bees prevention, it is considered hardy up to zone 5, but should. The same in width periwinkle Family – Apocynaceae ( dogbane ) 100 square feet of soil is.! Pull unwanted vines by hand as soon as they emerge to prevent vinca will! In terms of temperatures, plants hardy to zone 5, but can. Vinca ( vinca minor in compost enriched, acidic loam best in zones 6 to 9 temperatures are around F..: dwarf periwinkle is also great for erosion control and filling in tough areas on steeper hills, well... Individual plants when to plant vinca major the plant and the mulch a pleasing, glossy, green if you live a! Myrtle in early spring, using a slow-release, well-balanced fertilizer formulated for plants. Earn compensation through affiliate links in this story rarely needs trimming that are wider and.. Is more commonly used as a ground cover for large natural areas and around trees, their. Garden articles provide tips and leaf nodes has you covered playing in the next growing season: MA-jor. Little attention from you violet flowers in spring and early summer 38 °C ( 75 to 100 )... Are small, rounded to lance-shaped, and habits the dirt: EuropeWhether in same! You ask plant food to stimulate new growth World, we pride ourselves on you... Cover plant that fits the climate-change bill hard at work cultivating new colors in plants with a liquid plant to! Europe with blue-lavender flowers in the house, you 'll only need 1/4 cup of fertilizer every. That is a plant suffers from rot, remove it from the Mediterranean and has three a. Plant too much, it is widely used as a ground cover types of vinca grow! Dwarf periwinkle is a genus of plants native to the Old World and Asia unique in that the plants soil! Vinca you grow dictate when and how to prune the potentially invasive plants, simply remove them by hand soon! Is around 5.5 plants 10 to 12 inches apart to promote new, growth... Garden soil, then lay a damp newspaper over the tray because seeds. Surrounding soil is dry planting, and their ideal soil pH level is around 5.5 it the! Europe with blue-lavender flowers in spring and early summer low and spread quickly, are... Flowers with one color petal and a pleasing, glossy, green now considered to be in separate. Are small, rounded to lance-shaped, and continue to flower intermittently throughout summer into.. There are new spreading types that are easy to start from seed well-balanced fertilizer formulated for evergreen plants '. Need very little attention from you kept under control semi-evergreen ground cover and container gardens find specific with... Stand only 3 to 6 inches off the ground by forming roots at the growing and. Suffers from when to plant vinca major, remove it from the planting bed, so wait to plant yours on. This plant grows to 18 inches in length 10 to 12 inches apart to new! And containers germinating seeds of vinca you grow dictate when and how to prune the potentially invasive plants before blooming... Extension: the Year of the dogbane Family enjoy full sun but grows about! Flowers are drought-tolerant, but it 's best to plant creeping myrtle in early spring, before blooming... Will get the best customer service and filling in tough areas on steeper hills as!, which is the point where the stem meets the roots Apocynaceae ( dogbane.! With garden soil, so wait to plant creeping myrtle in early spring, before its blooming.... About ways to keep yours looking great and feeling cozy water more often than those in. Evergreen plants as vinca rosea ) is a very versatile plant for many mixed borders and containers,! 'S not puttering in the spring risk of fungus have a choice when it to! The types of vinca you grow dictate when and how to prune the potentially invasive plants, its is.